Frequently Asked Questions in Fair Lawn, NJ | Cella Foot & Ankle Specialty (2023)

Frequently Asked Questions

General Podiatrist / Podiatry FAQ’s

Can a podiatrist help with ankle injuries?

It is best to see a podiatrist as they have a wealth of experience and education treating foot and ankle issues. Podiatrists spend 7 to 10 years focusing strictly on foot and ANKLE injuries. No other specialty does this.

Do podiatrist treat sprained ankles?

A podiatrist is the best specialist to treat an ankle sprain. They will assess and correctly assign a grade level to an ankle injury and recommend treatment. For minor ankle sprains, there are some at-home remedies that will be discussed so as to help promote healing. For more complicated injuries, multiple visits to the doctor for monitoring and progressive treatment may be necessary.

Can you see a podiatrist for a broken ankle?

A podiatrist has specific education and training when it comes to dealing with broken ankles. They will examine the ankle and use various diagnostic tools to determine where the break is and if it is out of place. They will then decide between a below knee cast or a surgical intervention.

Can a podiatrist treat a swollen ankle?

If you have swelling that persists even after you lay down and get off your feet, you should see a podiatrist. They will be able to diagnose any underlying conditions and come up with a solution for the swelling.

Should I see a podiatrist for stress fracture?

Stress fractures of the foot occur in the heel bone and mid foot. Ankle stress fractures can also occur. A podiatrist is the best doctor to see when it comes to foot and ankle stress fractures. They are the experts in diagnosing and treating.

Should I see a podiatrist or orthopedist for Achilles tendonitis?

Podiatrists are physicians who are highly trained to diagnose and treat Achilles tendonitis. They are the doctor to see for conditions affecting the feet and ankles. A consult with a podiatrist is important to determine if the pain is due to a tendonitis or a more serious condition such as a tendon tear, bursitis, or a haglund’s deformity ( overgrowth of the heel bone where the Achilles attachs).

Orthopedists specialize in injuries and conditions affecting any of the other parts of your musculoskeletal system.

Do podiatrists treat tendonitis?

Podiatrists treat all and any tendonitis that affect the foot and ankle. They will do a full physical exam as well as use diagnostic tools such as x-rays, MRI, and ultrasound to diagnose the tendonitis. Once diagnosed, the podiatrist will come up with the appropriate treatment plan.

Is Podiatry the same as orthopedic?

The difference lies in what body part is being treated. A podiatric surgeon treats and concentrates on all conditions of the bones, muscles, ligaments , tendons, and joints of the foot and ankle. They also treat vascular, neurological, and dermatological issues of the foot and ankle. Orthopedic surgeons will deal with bones, muscles, ligaments , tendons, and joints of all other parts of the body.

Can a podiatrist treat fractures?

A podiatrist will examine and diagnose a fracture using imaging studies and any other necessary tools. Once diagnosed they are able to treat the fracture either conservatively or surgically.

What is the difference between a podiatrist and a foot and ankle specialist?

Both podiatrists and orthopedists are called foot and ankle specialists. A podiatric foot and ankle specialist attends podiatry school for four years learning what is taught in medical school and then spending the last two years concerning on the foot and ankle. Then completes a three to four year residency followed by a one year fellowship further specializing themselves in ailments of the foot and ankle. An orthopedic foot and ankle specialist completes four years of general medicine and then decides to do a residency in general orthopedics followed by a one year residency in foot and ankle. While orthopaedic surgeons and podiatrists both may treat foot and ankle problems, the PODIATRIC foot and ankle surgeon is qualified to address a more complex level of problems.

What does a Podiatrist do for your feet?

Podiatrists are specialists in medicine that diagnose, treat, and prevent foot, ankle, and lower legs injuries and conditions. They treat any and all injuries when it comes to the foot and ankle. They can set broken bones, administer injections to alleviate pain, prescribe orthotics and medications as well as physical therapy. They also can bring a patient to surgery when needed.

When should I see a Podiatrist for foot pain?

You should see a podiatrist if you have foot pain or an injury to the foot and ankle. Seek a podiatrist if you have sports related injuries, sprains, strains or broken bones. If you have arthritis with joint pain, heel pain, bunions, hammerotes, skin conditions, ingrown nails, swelling, and infections. If you are a diabetic you should not only be seen for pain and open wounds but also for regular maintenance so as to prevent further issues down the line. A podiatrist should also be your choice of specialists to go to if you begin a new exercise routine such as running or biking.

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Is it better to see a Podiatrist or Orthopedist?

When it comes to the management of bones, joints, and ligaments, both podiatrists and orthopedists are qualified. However, when it comes to an injury or condition affecting the foot and ankle, your best option is to see a podiatrist. From an educational point of view, the podiatrist is highly focused and specifically trained in diagnosing and treating foot and ankle disorders from the very first day of medical school and throughout residency and fellowships. They emphasize their entire medical career on the foot and ankle. An orthopedist is trained in a similar manner but they focus on all the body parts of your musculoskeletal system.

What does a Podiatrist do on a first visit?

When you are seen for your first visit, the podiatrist will have you fill out a thorough medical history including medications taken, medical conditions and past surgeries. You will be asked to describe your foot and ankle conditions to help the doctor better identify and diagnose the area of concern. A physical exam will then take place and depending on the condition, the podiatrist may decide to take in-office x-rays, send you out for other diagnostic testing such as MRI or CT scan and possibly blood work. Treatment will vary according to the diagnosis made. It may include a nutrition program, orthotics, oral medication, injections, application of devices to help you walk better and surgical discussions if needed.

What conditions can Podiatrists treat?

There are numerous conditions that can affect the foot and ankle. A podiatrist is equipped to treat any and all conditions of the foot and ankle from skin disorders to structural deformities. Some examples are:

  • Bunions
  • Hammertoes
  • Achilles tendonitis
  • Plantar fasciitis and heel spurs
  • Diabetes
  • Arthritis of the foot and ankle
  • Growing pains in children
  • Morton’s neuroma
  • Ingrown toenails.
  • Athlete’s foot.
  • Warts
  • Toenail fungus
  • Melanomas and skin growths
  • Structural issues such as flatfoot
  • Foot and ankle fractures
  • Foot and ankle sprains
  • Achilles tendon ruptures
  • Gout

Can Podiatrists cut toenails?

Yes, podiatrists can assist patients with toenail cutting. This is a service provided to patients with diabetes, circulatory issues, and those who can’t manage to cut nails themselves. This will prevent patients from cutting themselves and causing further issues such as infections or amputations.

Diabetic Foot Care FAQ’s

What does a podiatrist do for diabetic feet?

Podiatrists are trained in dealing with diabetic foot issues. Seeing a podiatrist will decrease the chances of complications. The doctor will do a physical exam, take x-rays so as to diagnose deformities, and check your arterial status as well as check for neuropathy.

Why do diabetic patients need a podiatrist?

Being a diabetic puts you at a higher risk for foot complications. Seventy percent of all amputations of the foot is due to a diabetic complication. Seeing a podiatrist reduces the percentage.

Should all diabetics see a podiatrist?

Yes, all diabetes, young and elderly, should see a podiatrist. Your doctor will let you know if you are at low or high risk for complications and will guide you and treat you appropriately so you can live a healthy life.

Is podiatry free for diabetics?

As a diabetic, your foot exam is part of your annual check up. Your insurance will cover the exam and any other visits your doctor deems necessary.

What are signs of diabetic feet?

  • Dry skin especially the heels
  • Open wounds
  • Swelling of the foot and ankle
  • Tingling and burning of the toes
  • Constant pain
  • Changes in the temperature of the skin

Can podiatrists treat diabetic neuropathy

Podiatrists are the best equiped to treat diabetic neuropathy. They will perform several nerve tests to your feet, ankles, and legs. They will test for vibratory sensation, proprioception, light touch, protective and tactile sensation. Your doctor will then give you the appropriate treatment plan.

Can diabetics get pedicures?

It is not recommended for a diabetic to get a pedicure as it comes with risks. One of the biggest risks is infection. Once an infection starts, the sugar level in your blood rises and proper healing does not occur. This puts you at higher risk for ulcers and amputations.

Why can’t diabetics cut toenails?

Diabetes may cause nerve damage and this creates numbness. If you cut your own toenails you may not be aware of a wound or an infection. This can lead to complications of delayed healing and infections.

What do diabetic legs look like?

Diabetics get spots on their legs that are a light brown color and are scaly in appearance. These spots are round or oral and are caused by damage to the small vessels that supply the skin and tissues of the leg with nutrients and oxygen.

What does diabetic leg pain feel like?

Diabetic leg pain feels like a burning, tingling, and sharp sensation. It may start off as a mild aching pain that gradually gets worse. Even a light touch to the skin can become unbearable.

Neuropathy FAQ’s

Do podiatrists treat neuropathy?

Podiatrists will treat neuropathy of the foot and ankle and refer out to a neurologist if the neuropathy involves other aspects of the body. Together, the podiatrist and neurologist, as a team treat neuropathy in patients.

Do podiatrists deal with nerve damage?

Your podiatrist can offer oral or topical medications that can reduce the symptoms of neuropathy. They can also offer home therapy programs that would help improve balance. TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) can also be of value in relieving neuropathy symptoms. This system uses electrical stimulation to stop pain signals from traveling to the brain. Orthotics can also help reduce movement of the muscles and tendons preventing blistering. Surgery is indicated in more severe cases to release compressed nerves.

Can you get rid of neuropathy in your feet?

If in the early stages of nerve damage, neuropathy can be reversed. Exercises, controlling your blood sugar, quitting to smoke, and using topical and oral antineuropathy medications can all help.

What does nerve damage in your feet feel like?

The most common described feelings by patients who have neuropathy are tingling, pins and needles, weakness, fatigue, sharp stabbing like sensation, burning and throbbing.

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How long does nerve damage in feet take to heal?

When a nerve is hit or bruised it could take from 6 to 12 weeks to heal and recover. If a nerve has been cut it can have the potential of recuperating. A nerve can grow 1 mm per day.

Can you stop the progression of neuropathy?

Stopping or slowing down the progression of neuropathy depends on the underlying cause as well as the severity of the nerve damage. Many times lifestyle changes can be successful in slowing or stopping progression.

It is important to see your doctor and together decide on a management plan that will also include medications and vitamin supplements.

What is the difference between neuropathy and peripheral neuropathy?

Peripheral neuropathy is damage to the nerves that affect the extremities. The feet, legs, hands, and arms. Neuropathy is nerve damage to the entire body.

How can I reverse neuropathy naturally?

Natural treatments include:

  • Monitoring your blood sugar levels
  • Losing weight and a healthy diet
  • Exercising and physical therapy
  • Stop smoking
  • Limit alcohol drinking
  • Vitamins
  • Essential oils

What can be mistaken for neuropathy?

Diseases such as:

  • Sjögren’s syndrome
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Guillain-Barré syndrome
  • Infections

What causes neuropathy to flare up?

There are several triggers that can flare up neuropathy.

These include:

  • Diabetes
  • Alcohol
  • Poor diet
  • Infections
  • Chemicals
  • Medication

Can I have neuropathy if I’m not a diabetic?

Yes, it is possible to suffer from the effects of non-diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Peripheral neuropathy refers to the loss of function of the nerves in the body, not including the brain and spine. Anything that damages the nerves in the lower extremities can be a cause for neuropathy. These can be autoimmune diseases or inherited conditions.

Custom Orthotics FAQ’s

How much do custom orthotic inserts cost?

The cost of custom made orthotics depends on what orthotic laboratory the doctor chooses. It also depends on the materials used, as well as the deformity that is being addressed. The more complex the deformity, the more adjustments the lab has to make. They can run from 200$ to 600$.

Are custom orthotics worth the cost?

Yes they definitely are. There is so much that goes into the making of an orthotic. It includes a thorough physical examination from your doctor, followed by x-rays, then taking a cast or 3-D scan of your non weight bearing foot in a neutral position, manufacturing and fitting the device.

What are custom molded orthotics?

Custom made orthotics are specific inserts made specifically for the person wearing them. They are not just a regular shoe insert you can buy online or at a sports store. They are customized and made for your unique feet. In order to make the orthotics, the doctor evaluates your deformities and asks you about your symptoms. The doctor then places you in the proper alignment to reduce your deformities. The orthotics are then built in such a manner that when you place them in your shoes your deformities and symptoms are reduced and even gone.

Do you need a prescription for custom orthotics?

After a doctor evaluates a patient’s needs, they send the information to a lab via the form of a prescription to create the actual orthotic. Making a custom molded orthotics cannot be done without a face-to-face visit. The appropriate measurements must be taken by placing the patient in a neutral non-weightbearing position and then using casting material or a 3-D scanner to take an image of the foot. The correct prescription is then sent to the laboratory responsible for making the orthotics.

Do custom orthotics really work?

Yes, orthotics really work. They are part of a comprehensive treatment plan used to treat pain, misalignment and discomfort of the feet, legs and even back. They help correct foot deformities, help support the arches and reduce inflammation. They help distress the tendons of the feet and muscles of the legs reducing the risks of future injuries. They also reduce pain to the knees, hips, and back.

Are orthotics really necessary?

Orthotics are necessary for several deformities and medical conditions. Conditions such as but not limited to;

  • Plantar fasciitis – Orthotics will reduce inflammation and support the arch.
  • Arthritis – Orthotics will reduce the discomfort and correct poor positioning.
  • Bunions and Hammertoes – These are deformities caused by the foot type of an individual. The unbalancing of the tendons cause the bones to shift and create deformity. Orthotics will position the foot correctly and reduce the progression of the deformity.
  • Back pain – Poor positioning of the feet can misalign the back and orthotics will lessen the pain with proper alignment.
  • Diabetes – Some people get neuropathy, loss of sensation in their feet. Orthotics can help reduce the stress and pressure that is created and help prevent ulcers and amputations.
  • Flat feet – Flat feet can cause foot, ankle, and back pain. Orthotics can help to support the feet and promote proper foot positioning.
  • High arches – A high arch creates lots of stress on the tendons of the feet. Orthotics will support these high arches.
  • Injuries – People who’ve experienced trauma to their feet and ankles that may cause excessive rolling of their ankle in an inward or outward way may require extra support which is provided by orthotics.

Do you need bigger shoes for orthotics?

You do not need bigger shoes for your new orthotics. All you have to do is remove the inserts that come with your shoes and replace it with the custom orthotic.

What are the best custom orthotics?

The best type of orthotics is one that achieves the proper support and corrects the condition and symptoms a person has. The orthotic is based on each individual’s need. Materials range from rigid to accommodative. They can be full length or semi length. The importance is in the experience the doctor has in taking the appropriate mold of your feet and on writing the prescription.

Does insurance cover custom orthotics?

All insurances are different. Some cover at 100%. Others may only cover partially and some insurances don’t cover at all. It is best to discuss your options with your doctor and have the staff check with your insurance company.

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Should orthotics hurt at first?

New orthotics will feel uncomfortable and may hurt at first. It is important to ease your feet into wearing them. This is done slowly and is called the breaking in period. The orthotics are changing the way the muscles and tendons of your entire body work and the way you have been walking all your life. It will take some time to get used to them.

Why do my orthotics hurt?

Your orthotics should not hurt after the breaking in period. If they were made properly and custom for you they should not even be felt in your shoes. It is important that you discuss it with your doctor if any pain or discomfort is felt so that the orthotics can be either adjusted or remade.

Which insoles do podiatrists recommend?

Every podiatrist will choose a laboratory that they believe will create the best custom orthotic for their patient. Here at Cella Foot & Ankle Specialty we have looked long and hard and have gone to several labs to witness the manufacturing of orthotics. We have chosen a laboratory named Performance Laboratory.

Wound Care FAQ’s

Do podiatrists do wound care and treat ulcers?

Podiatrists are the key doctors to wound care. They are the ones to see first if you have a wound on your foot, ankle, or leg. They are the ones to manage the wound and build the team necessary for wound care.

Do wounds heal faster, covered or uncovered?

It is best to keep a wound covered and closed so it remains moist. The blood vessels and cells necessary to decrease inflammation and bring more blood flow to the wound increases when a wound is covered causing the wound to heal faster.

Can foot ulcers be cured?

When caught early, foot ulcers can be cured. It is pertinent that you see your podiatrist when you notice a sore. Healing an ulcer requires many steps.

  • If the arterial circulation is compromised, decreased blood flow to the ulcer, then a vascular consultation is required to evaluate the patient and determine if any intervention is necessary.
  • Keep blood sugar under control
  • Debridement of the ulcer is necessary if the tissue overlying the wound is fibrotic (non healing tissue).
  • Antibiotics are needed if there is an infection
  • Compression garments/ lymphedema pumps are required when edema is out of control
  • Collagen/ debridement/ antimicrobial dressings
  • Skin substitute grafts
  • Live tissue/ amniotic membrane grafts
  • Total contact cast
  • Unna boots

What are the 5 rules of wound care?

  • Controlling the amount of blood in a wound. Known as hemostasis.
  • Cleaning and debriding the wound.
  • Preventing pain with analgesic medications and preventing infection with antibiotics.
  • Skin Closure through suturing if the wound is small. Skin substitute grafts or autogenous graft ( skin taken from another part of the patient’s body) if the ulcer is larger.
  • Dressing the Wound and follow-up for evaluation.

What are the types of leg and foot ulcers?

Venous stasis ulcers – Are seen in patients who have leg swelling, varicose veins and a history of superficial or deep vein blood clots. These ulcers are usually found below the knee and on the inner aspect of the ankle.

Neurotrophic (diabetic) – These types of ulcers are mostly seen in patients with diabetes, although they can occur and affect anyone who has a decrease in sensation of the feet. They are usually seen on pressure points of the feet.

Arterial (ischemic ulcers) – These ulcers are seen in patients who have poor circulation and have other underlying conditions such as, diabetes, thin skin, renal issues or simply had trauma that initiated the process and poor blood flow did not allow healing of the wound. They can be located anywhere but mostly seen in areas where there is decreased blood flow such as the heels and the toes.

Is hydrogen peroxide good for diabetic wounds?

It is best to keep wounds moist and covered to prevent infections and allow faster healing. Hydrogen peroxide will only dry the wound and is not recommended as it could lead to further complications.

When is a diabetic patient at high risk for an ulcer?

A patient is at high risk for an ulcer if they have or do the following:

  • Neuropathy
  • Poor circulation
  • A foot deformity (e.g., bunion, hammer toe, flat feet with a prominent medial column)
  • Wear inappropriate shoes
  • Poor and uncontrolled blood sugar
  • History of foot ulcers
  • Smoking
  • Consuming large quantities of alcohol
  • High cholesterol

Why don’t diabetic wounds heal?

  • Patients who have diabetes also have problems with their immune system. They do not have enough immune fighting cells to heal the wound and therefore the wound heals slower.
  • If the diabetes is uncontrolled it will lead to poor circulation. With a slow down of blood flow, the body has a difficult time delivering nutrients to the wound. The wounds are again slow to heal.
  • If a diabetic has a blood sugar that is higher than normal it will prevent oxygen from being delivered to the wound and it will not allow proper healing.
  • High levels of blood sugar also increase the risk of infections to the wound. Bacteria loves sugar and thrives on it and with the immune system being down, infections grow causing a slowing down in healing and even possible complications such as amputations.

What are the 4 stages of wound healing?

  • Hemostasis – This phase happens when the blood in the wound clots.
  • Inflammatory phase – This phase begins at the time of injury and lasts up to four days.
  • Proliferative phase – This phase begins about three days after injury and overlaps with the inflammatory phase.
  • Remodeling phase – This phase can continue for six months to one year after injury.

What does a wound care specialist do?

Wound specialists are physicians who have been trained in the treatment of wounds. Podiatric doctors are trained to treat all types of wounds involving the lower extremity, acute and chronic.

Wound care specialists utilize wound care treatments that other doctors are not trained to perform. Seeing a wound care specialist gives you the best chance at healing. They use different forms of treatment to accomplish a successful healing. These include but are not limited to debridement, bioengineered skins, surgical incision and drainage, skin grafts, unna boots, total contact casts.

Wounds, if but treated properly can lead to amputations. It’s is extremely important to find the best wound care specialist. Dr. Cella had been treating wounds for over 20 years. Your physical health and quality of life depend on the doctor you choose to treat your wounds.

Bunion FAQ’s

What problems are caused by bunions?

One of the biggest problems that can happen from a bunion is the formation of hammertoes and the crossing of the second digit over the big toe. Other problems caused by bunions are metatarsalgia (pain under the ball of the foot), tailor’s bunion (bunion found on the outside part of the foot), ingrowns, and flatfeet.

How do you stop a bunion from progressing?

  • Wear proper shoes with an arch that supports your foot.
  • Cushions your bunions.
  • Most importantly wear custom made orthotics. They are fabricated so as to realign your feet into the proper position.

Do bunions grow back?

Bunions can come back for several reasons.

  • It could be due to poor procedure selection. It is extremely important for the correct procedure to be chosen and this can be done after a proper and thorough evaluation prior to surgery.
  • Bunions can return simply because of the structure of the foot and the abnormal movement of joints found from the ankle down.

What is the root cause of a bunion?

  • Overpronating, the lowering of the arch which causes an abnormal pull on the tendon that makes the toe joint unstable.
  • Hypermobility, the big toe bone moves more excessively than usual.
  • Injuries to the foot.
  • Arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis.

Is bunion surgery worth having?

Bunion surgery is important if a person is in pain every day and it keeps them from doing daily activities. Bunion surgery is very successful and people experience significant pain relief once they recover. It improves the toe alignment so that walking is facilitated. Bunion surgery is not for people who just want a cosmetic fix.

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How can I shrink my bunions naturally?

Bunions can not be shrunk naturally. There are things that one can do to help reduce pain and swelling though. Such as wear wider shoes, avoid flip flops, ice the area of pain, home exercises, NSAIDS for inflammation, and bunion cushions.

Do bunions hurt all the time?

When a bunion forms it is usually mild and causes slight discomfort. Unfortunately, bunions are progressive and as the years go by and the big joint moves out of alignment and the bone, called the metatarsal, starts to grow the pain becomes severe and constant.

How can you tell the difference between gout and a bunion?

Some people mistake gout for a bunion but the diagnosis is completely different. With gout there will be redness and swelling within the joint that one feels with motion and when an acute episode occurs it is extremely painful. Bunions demonstrate a lump on the outside of the foot and the redness and swelling is around the joint. Gout occurs due to an increase in uric acid levels and a blood test can demonstrate this.

What happens if a bunion is left untreated?

If left untreated, a bunion can progress and cause worse discomfort that can travel up the leg and the back. Eventually the second toe will sit on the top of the big toe causing irritation and callus formation to the toe. Ignoring a bunion will also cause the other four bones to dive down and create callus and pain to the ball of the foot. There will also be a loss of balance and an increase in falls as one grows older. Osteoarthritis also sets in and there is extensive damage to the joint. The cartilage deteriorates due to the misalignment of the joint and causes pain and inflammation as well as decreased motion of the big toe. Bunions are serious issues and patients should fix them as soon as possible.

Do bunions get worse with age?

The foot type you were born with is inherited. A bunion forms due to specific foot types that create tension and pull on the ligaments and tendons in the feet. As we age, the ligaments and tendons weaken and fray causing further misalignment and with this comes shifting of the bones creating a bunion formation to progress and worsen.

Misc Treatment FAQ’s

When is foot pain serious?

You should seek immediate attention when you experience pain that is persistent and not going away, swelling, tingling and numbness to the feet, an open wound, signs of infection like oozing and fever above 100F. You should also seek medical attention if you find that you can’t walk or bear weight on your foot. Also, if you fall and injure your foot and ankle and it feels like you may have sprained badly or broken a bone, don’t wait and seek a podiatrist.

Can walking barefoot cause foot pain?

Walking around without shoes that support your arch and foot structure can put you at risk for injuries such as plantar fasciitis, tendonitis and metatarsalgia (pain under the ball of your foot) due to the fat pad under the foot getting thinner every time you expose your bare feet to the ground.

What causes foot pain on top of the foot?

Foot pain on the top of the foot may be caused by different conditions. Common conditions are from overuse when exercising such as running, kicking, and jumping or tight shoes. Pain may also be caused by an injury such as dropping a heavy object on the foot causing a tendon sprain or a broken bone, a ganglion cyst (a lump that forms below the skin surface), arthritis, diabetes, or gout.

What part of the foot hurts with diabetes?

Diabetic patients experience foot pain with nerve damage called neuropathy. They experience numbness, tingling, burning, and sharp aching pain. They also can experience pain from open wounds that are slow to heal and drain. Diabetics also get pain from something called charcot arthropathy. Charcot foot happens when the nerves are not functioning properly and it leads to changes in the bone structure of the feet. When this happens, diabetics experience severe pain with redness, warmth, and swelling.

What are the symptoms of Sever’s disease in children?

Symptoms of Sever’s disease include:

  • Pain in one or both heels while doing activities and when squeezing the heel bone by cupping the heel with one hand.
  • Swelling and pain that gets worse with activities such as running, playing sports or jumping.
  • Children end up walking on the tip toes.

If the sore on my foot doesn’t bother me, why do I need to see a podiatrist?

People think that if something does not hurt, then it is not something they should worry about. But when it comes to sores on your feet, that is not true, especially if one is a diabetic. Diabetes can lead to nerve damage and this causes a person to lose sensation and not feel pain. That means you could have a serious problem even though you are not experiencing any pain. Small wounds such as blisters, cracks caused by dry skin, or splinters can become ulcers and lead to infection. Those infections can lead to amputations of your foot. If you notice any type of wound on your foot, even if not in any pain, you need to see a foot doctor right away.

Can my child’s clubfoot improve without treatment?

Clubfoot is a birth defect that occurs to a child’s feet and therefore doesn’t improve without treatment. Treatment for a clubfoot, includes pointing, stretching, casting the foot and using braces.

What are the warning signs of foot pain in young children?

It is important to observe your child as much as possible. Things to look out for are:

  • Not being able to keep up with their friends
  • Not participating in the activities they love
  • They trip and fall excessively
  • They complain of pain

I was recently diagnosed with diabetes. Do I need to see a podiatrist?

All diabetic patients need and should see a podiatrist. The podiatrist will help you maintain healthy feet and is there to treat and prevent complications. During your exam, your doctor will let you know if you are at high or low risk for complications. A diabetic with loss of circulation and a neurologic deficit will be seen more often to prevent complications such as infections, ulcers, and amputations.

Do high heels cause plantar fasciitis?

Wearing high heels consistently will shorten the Achilles tendon because the heel is pushed up towards the calf. With a short Achilles tendon, the plantar fascia is now stressed. This leads to arch and heel pain known as plantar fasciitis. The uneven weight distribution when wearing heels can also lead to plantar fasciitis.

How are ingrown toenails treated?

Treatment for an ingrown toenail depends on the type of ingrown you have. The three common treatments include:

  • Lifting the nail. Used for a mild ingrown (redness and pain but no pus). The ingrown part of the nail is carefully lifted and a piece of cotton, dental floss or a splint is placed under it. This separates the nail from the overlying skin and helps the nail grow normal.
  • Partially removing the nail. Used for a more severe ingrown toenail (redness, pain and pus). The ingrown portion of the nail is trimmed and removed. In order to have this procedure done, the doctor will temporarily numb your toe by injecting it with an anesthetic.
  • Removing the nail and tissue. If you have the problem repeatedly on the same toe, your doctor may suggest removing a portion of the nail and the underlying tissue (nail bed) using a chemical, laser or sharp excision.

How can I tell if my foot is broken?

A broken foot is much more painful than a sprained foot. Although you can bruise, swell, and have pain with a sprain, it is much worse with a break. There may be a deformity associated with a break if the break is bad and the bones are displaced.

Can flat feet be caused by anything?

Flat feet can be inherited but can also be caused by conditions such as injuries, obesity, arthritis and pregnancy. Flat feet can also be caused by a neurological or muscular disease such as cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, or spina bifida.

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FAQs

Should I see a podiatrist or orthopedist for ankle pain? ›

As a general guideline, if you have an injury, condition, or symptoms affecting your foot or ankle health, it's best to see a podiatrist. If you have an injury, condition, or symptoms affecting any other part of your musculoskeletal system, it's best to see an orthopedic physician.

What questions should I ask a podiatrist? ›

SEVEN QUESTIONS TO ASK YOUR PODIATRIST
  • Why Do I Have Foot Numbness? ...
  • Why Do I Have Cold Feet? ...
  • Why Do I Have Itchy, Flaky Skin on My Feet? ...
  • Why Do I Have Heel Pain? ...
  • Why Do I Have Discolored Nails? ...
  • Why Do I Have a Painful Big Toe? ...
  • Why Do I Have a Hammer Toe?

What type of doctor specializes in the prevention diagnosis and treatment of foot and ankle disorders? ›

DPMs, also called podiatrists, diagnose and treat disorders, diseases, and injuries of the foot, ankle, and lower extremities. They can specialize in areas such as sports medicine, surgery, biomechanics, and diabetic foot care, among others.

Who cares for problems in ankles and feet? ›

A podiatrist is a specialist who manages and treats almost all symptoms that involve the ankle and/or the foot. If you are experiencing any of the following problems or symptoms, it's time to make an appointment to see a podiatrist. Numbness, pain or swelling in one foot.

What is the difference between a podiatrist and an orthopedic foot doctor? ›

The only discernible difference between them is that an orthopedist manages parts of the foot and ankle that pertain to the bones, soft tissues and joints, while a podiatrist manages the same areas, but also the biomechanics and dermatology of the foot and ankle.

What is the difference between a foot doctor and a podiatrist? ›

Podiatrists complete four years of higher education at a school of podiatry to receive their medical certification. They follow their podiatry education with two to three years of residency. Foot and ankle specialists receive additional advanced training to treat traumatic injuries of the lower leg, ankle, and foot.

What questions should I ask before foot surgery? ›

Questions To Ask When Considering Foot Or Ankle Surgery
  • Do I need to have surgery? ...
  • What would happen if I wait six months? ...
  • What complications can occur with this kind of surgery?
  • How many of these surgeries have you done?
  • What is the expected recovery time?
  • How many days will I be in the hospital after surgery?

What happens at your first visit to a podiatrist? ›

It'll ask you questions about your current foot problems, medical conditions, medications taken, and any previous surgeries. You'll be asked about your habits related to your feet, and the questionnaire will include questions about your family medical history.

What happens at first visit to podiatrist? ›

A complete examination and assessment of your feet is conducted, looking for and checking: lesions – corns, calluses, warts, moles, wounds, ulcers. range of motion/gait analysis (foot function), circulation, sensation, colour. digital photos of both your feet are taken.

Why is a podiatrist not an MD? ›

Podiatrists are doctors, but they don't go to traditional medical school. They have their own schools and professional associations. They also have "DPM" (doctor of podiatric medicine) after their names instead of "MD" (medical doctor).

What conditions can podiatrists treat? ›

Some of the medical conditions podiatrists treat include heel pain (plantar fasciitis), foot complications from diabetes, ankle and foot arthritis, nerve problems, tendonitis, hammertoes, flat feet, nail disorders, bunions, warts, fungus, fractures, and sprains.

Which doctor's practice is limited to treating diseases of the feet? ›

A podiatrist is a healthcare specialist who diagnoses and treats medical conditions and injuries that primarily involve the feet. Sometimes, they can also diagnose and treat ankle and lower limb problems, although this depends on where they work.

What is the best painkiller for foot pain? ›

Oral analgesic medications such as acetaminophen (paracetamol) or aspirin are often the first line choice for quick relief of foot pain. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or naproxen are also often recommended and can help to reduce inflammation at the same time.

What is the most common problem treated by podiatrist? ›

The most common foot problem that a podiatrist treats is heel pain. Heel pain can be caused by a variety of different conditions, such as plantar fasciitis or Achilles tendinitis. Treatment for heel pain often includes things like stretching exercises, orthotic devices, or cortisone injections.

What kind of doctor should I see for swollen feet and legs? ›

If you experience swelling that does not go away on its own, make an appointment to see your primary doctor. If the issue doesn't improve, ask your doctor for a referral to a vascular specialist.

Who is the best ankle surgeon in the United States? ›

Alan MacGill, Named One of U.S.'s Top Foot & Ankle Surgeons in 2020 by BECKER'S - Spine & Orthopedic Center.

Do podiatrists treat ankle problems? ›

Podiatrists provide care for bones, soft tissues and joints of the foot and ankle, but also the skin conditions and abnormal mechanics of the lower extremity,” says John Giurini, DPM, Chief of the Division of Podiatric Surgery at BIDMC.

Do podiatrists cut toenails? ›

In most cases, yes; they regularly assist patients with toenail care. While cutting toenails may seem like a simple matter of grooming, there are actually many patients who have problems with their toenails or feet that prevent them from cutting them without professional help.

Should a podiatrist perform surgery? ›

More specifically, a podiatrist is trained to be a doctor of podiatric medicine and can perform surgery, prescribe drugs, and order lab tests. A podiatrist can also treat and perform surgery for common foot problems such as ingrown toenails, plantar fasciitis, foot ulcer treatment, corns, calluses and more.

What is a foot specialist called? ›

Podiatrists often treat ingrown toenails, calluses, fallen arches, heel spurs and problems related to abuse or injury. They may employ surgical methods and may also treat such underlying health issues as diabetes, provided they are related to the foot or ankle problem.

Does a podiatrist do Achilles tendon surgery? ›

Podiatrists and orthopedic surgeons perform Achilles tendon surgery. A foot and ankle orthopedic surgeon specializes in musculoskeletal problems of the foot and ankle.

What should you not do before surgery? ›

Do not eat or drink anything for at least eight hours before your scheduled surgery. Do not chew gum or use any tobacco products. Leave jewelry and other valuables at home. Take out removable teeth prior to transfer to the operating room and do not wear glasses or contact lenses in the OR.

What are three things you should always ask a patient before surgery? ›

10 Questions to Ask
  • Why do I need this operation?
  • How will the operation be performed?
  • Are there other treatment options, and is this operation the best option for me?
  • What are the risks, benefits, and possible complications for this operation? ...
  • What are my anesthesia options? ...
  • What can I expect before the operation?

Do you get a hard cast after ankle surgery? ›

Typically, you will be put in a hard splint after surgery for about 1-2 weeks.

What to know before going to podiatrist? ›

THINGS TO KNOW WHEN VISITING A PODIATRIST
  • DO NOT TRY TO MAKE THE FEET PRESENTABLE WITH A PEDICURE. ...
  • DO NOT FEEL THE NEED TO SHAVE THE LEGS AND FEET. ...
  • KEEP A LOG OF THE SYMPTOMS AND SHARE THEM WITH THE PODIATRIST. ...
  • FIND OUT IF UNDERLYING HEALTH ISSUES ARE CAUSING THE PROBLEM. ...
  • FIND OUT ABOUT FINANCING.

Does the podiatrist take your blood pressure? ›

When you meet with your podiatrist, he or she will take your vital signs, including your blood pressure, in addition to thoroughly examining your feet for signs of circulation problems.

What does a podiatrist do for plantar fasciitis? ›

Other methods a podiatrist may use to reduce pain and treat plantar fasciitis include physical therapy, night splints that gently stretch the plantar fascia, orthotics that correct can help distribute weight more evenly, steroids to reduce inflammation and pain, and shock wave therapy that initiates the body's healing ...

What happens at a podiatry assessment? ›

They will listen to your concerns and details of any issues you've noticed. If it's your first appointment they will also document your medical history, and also ask a few questions about your lifestyle and health in general. Your podiatrist may also perform an objective assessment and a biomechanical assessment.

Do podiatrists do bloodwork? ›

Podiatrists utilize vascular testing when a patient has symptoms of PAD or if they believe they might. If a patient has diabetes, a podiatrist may determine a vascular test to be prudent to check for poor blood circulation. How Is it Conducted? Most forms of vascular testing are non-invasive.

What is a podiatry assessment? ›

A Biomechanical Podiatrist conducts a thorough assessment to examine the way your lower limbs work, which enables them to check for potential abnormalities and possible causes of foot pain, as well as pain in the ankle, knee and back.

Do podiatrists treat ankle problems? ›

Podiatrists provide care for bones, soft tissues and joints of the foot and ankle, but also the skin conditions and abnormal mechanics of the lower extremity,” says John Giurini, DPM, Chief of the Division of Podiatric Surgery at BIDMC.

Do you see a podiatrist for ankle sprain? ›

Podiatrists are exceptionally qualified to diagnose and treat the following sports-related injuries – foot sprains, ankle sprains, foot fractures, ankle fractures, heel spurs, plantar fasciitis, and Achilles tendonitis.

Should I go to podiatrist or orthopedist with Achilles tendonitis? ›

These two parts of the body are often intertwined in terms of symptoms, cause, and treatment. If you're experiencing Achilles tendonitis, you should definitely seek the assistance of a professional podiatrist who is trained to understand the causes and remedies for this discomfort.

What foot conditions do podiatrists treat? ›

Some of the medical conditions podiatrists treat include heel pain (plantar fasciitis), foot complications from diabetes, ankle and foot arthritis, nerve problems, tendonitis, hammertoes, flat feet, nail disorders, bunions, warts, fungus, fractures, and sprains.

What is the most common problem treated by podiatrist? ›

The most common foot problem that a podiatrist treats is heel pain. Heel pain can be caused by a variety of different conditions, such as plantar fasciitis or Achilles tendinitis. Treatment for heel pain often includes things like stretching exercises, orthotic devices, or cortisone injections.

What are swollen ankles a symptom of? ›

Common causes of swollen ankles, feet and legs

eating too much salty food. being overweight. being pregnant. taking certain medicines – such as some blood pressure medicines, contraceptive pills, hormone therapy, antidepressants or steroids.

Can a podiatrist treat torn ligaments? ›

Your podiatrist may recommend a brace, cast, or boot to support your foot and keep it supported while the tendon/ligament is healing. Custom orthotics may also be prescribed.

Who is the best foot surgeon in the United States? ›

Alan MacGill, Named One of U.S.'s Top Foot & Ankle Surgeons in 2020 by BECKER'S - Spine & Orthopedic Center.

Who do you see for an ankle sprain? ›

Ideally, you would have the ankle examined by a specialized sprained ankle doctor, such as those from The Orthopedic Institute of New Jersey, right away. Still, for those who are not as vigilant, if you suspect that your sprain severity is Grade 2 or Grade 3, you shouldn't hesitate to ask for professional help.

When should I go to the doctor for ankle pain? ›

Seek immediate medical attention if you:

Have severe pain or swelling. Have an open wound or severe deformity. Have signs of infection, such as redness, warmth and tenderness in the affected area or a fever greater than 100 F (37.8 C) Cannot put weight on your foot.

What is Haglund syndrome? ›

Haglund's deformity is an abnormality of the bone and soft tissues in the foot. An enlargement of the bony section of the heel (where the Achilles tendon is inserted) triggers this condition. The soft tissue near the back of the heel can become irritated when the large, bony lump rubs against rigid shoes.

Why does my Achilles tendon hurt when I walk? ›

Achilles tendinitis is caused by repetitive or intense strain on the Achilles tendon, the band of tissue that connects your calf muscles to your heel bone. This tendon is used when you walk, run, jump or push up on your toes.

What is the most common foot problem? ›

1. Athlete's foot. Athlete's foot is most commonly caused by walking in damp areas.

What are common foot problems in older adults? ›

One in three adults over the age of 65 experience foot pain, stiffness, or aching. Some of the most common foot problems in older adults include bunions, corns, calluses, hammertoes, ingrown, thickened or discolored nails, diabetic foot conditions, poor circulation, and heel pain.

Does a podiatrist treat neuropathy? ›

Anyone who has symptoms of peripheral neuropathy in their feet or legs should see a podiatrist. The podiatrists at American Foot and Leg Specialists are trained in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of this type of nerve damage.

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